考试时间: 120分钟 总分:135分
I . 语言知识及应用(共两节，满分45分)
I grew up in a tiny Baltimore row house in a faraway mountain area. My parents ___1___ the necessities of life but couldn’t give much more. If I asked my father for a pair of jeans, he would say, “ If you want them, make the money and buy them yourself.” He wasn’t being mean; he just couldn’t ___2___ them. From age 12 on, I did part-time jobs after school.
When I ___3___ from high school, I joined the navy. Soon I was in a boot camp(新兵训练营) at Parris Island, S.C., where I learned that life in the navy centered around completing daily ___4___. These could be anything from cleaning the camp to conducting mock(模拟的) battles. Completing these tasks successfully ___5___ discipline, team-work and responsibility. I didn’t ___6___ whether you were black, white or Asian; everyone worked together for the ___7___ of the company.
I went on to graduate from the U.S. Naval Academic and later became an officer in the navy. The part of my job I ___8___ most was the consoling(咨询) meetings I ___9___ with the family members of the men and women in my ___10___, trying to help them deal with the long periods of ___11___. These proved popular and word of them spread. Before long I was being asked to give encouraging ___12___ to business groups, educators and kids across the country.
But I consider the boot camp my first real ___13___, and my life is still guided by the ___14___ lessons I learned there. It taught me discipline, friendship and the pride related to setting a task every day and working hard to ___15___ it.
1. A. provided B. got C. made D. bought
2. A. pay B. find C. produce D. afford
3. A. came B. returned C. escaped D. graduated
4. A. drills B. tasks C. exercises D. reports
5. A. included B. asked C. required D. met
6. A. matter B. mean C. exist D. work
7. A. good B. staff C. rest D. right
8. A. took B. hated C. enjoyed D. did
9. A. ended B. began C. continued D. held
10.A. charge B. situation C. position D. choice
11.A. lessons B. meetings C. training D. separation
12.A. gifts B. descriptions C. speeches D. performances
13.A. vacation B. place C. job D. travel
14.A. important B. bitter C. normal D. difficult
15.A. gain B. achieve C. show D. match
Dear fellow students,
May I have your attention, please? Now I’d like to make a speech here. As we know, waste ___16___ (become) common scenes on campus. Some pour the remains of a meal when there is still much ___17___(leave); ___18___ simply walk away after washing hands, leaving the water ___19___ (run); students leave the classroom every day ___20___ noticing whether fans are switched off. Has thrift(节俭)，one of the most national tradition ___21___ developed from our long history gone? ___22___ so, find it back!
We don’t have to take great pains to control waste, but action and a grateful heart are needed; thank the water that runs through our fingers, and save it for poor Arabian or African countries struggling in water ___23___ (short); thank the light we enjoy because in poor areas, children share a dim(昏暗的) lamp ___24___ (read); thank all the paper we are able to use, for trees are cut down to satisfy ___25___ needs; thank everything nature can offer and everything we can own.
Live and act, so the tradition of thrift will never fade.
Having spent two and a half years in China over several visits, I don’t remember ever going through a phase we in the United States call “cultural shock”. This period of difficulty in adjusting to a new culture would probably have set in during my semester at Peking University. Of course, this is not to say that I didn’t notice any differences between the American and Chinese cultures upon my arrival at Peking University, I did notice the differences. Looking back, I remember one of the first differences I noticed: Chinese universities are surrounded by walls.
To an American, this is one of the most striking aspects of a Chinese university which immediately sets it apart from an American campus. Having grown up in the United States, I had never seen a university surrounded by high, cement(水泥) walls. My idea of a university, based on having seen scores of them in different states of the U.S., was a place of life and learning, an inseparable part of the community in which it was located, open not only to the students of the school itself, but also fully accessible to students from other schools and to the broader public.
My idea of a university was that it was a center of cultural life, a resource for the entire community. In all my twenty-one years, it had never occurred to that a school would have a wall around it. Walls enclose and separate; schools expand and integrate(合并). The very idea seemed fundamentally incompatible. I asked a Chinese friend if all Chinese universities have walls around them. “You know, I have never really thought about it. I guess so. I guess all Chinese schools have walls around them, not just universities.” “Why?” I asked, “What’s the point?” “I don’t know. To protect us, I suppose.” “From whom?” “I don’t know. Don’t you have walls around your schools in the United States?” I thought carefully before answering. “No, I’ve never seen or heard of a university encircled by a wall.” My Chinese friend seemed puzzled. Walls around schools came to strike me as more than just an architectural difference between the United States and China. As China continues to open up to the outside world, these walls seem increasingly out of place.
26. The author felt strange about Chinese culture when he ___________.
A. studied in Peking University
B. talked with his friends about the walls
C. experienced the “cultural shock” at his arrival
D. spent two and a half years in China over several visits
27. In the author’s opinion, a university is a place ___________.
A. where only students can come to study
B. which is similar everywhere in the world
C. that should be surrounded by high cement walls
D. that is an inseparable part of and a resource for the community
28. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph probably mean?
A. The two ideas are fundamental.
B. The two ideas are basically different.
C. The two ideas about “school” and “wall” are suitable.
D. The two ideas about “school” and “wall” are conflicting.
29. What did the author’s friend feel about the walls around universities?
A. He thought it a good idea to have walls encircling schools.
B. He was shocked that American universities are not enclosed.
C. He thought they were necessary to protect students from being hurt.
D. He thought the difference between two countries is only architectural styles.
30. We can infer from the passage that the author thinks _____________.
A. walls are really useful in the universities
B. he can never really understand the Chinese culture
C. Chinese universities should work as public scenic spots
D. walls around the universities are inappropriate in an open China
A black hole is a place in space where gravity pulls so much that even light cannot get out. The gravity is so strong because matter has been squeezed into a tiny space. This can happen when a star is dying.
Because no light can get out, people can’t see black holes. Space telescopes with special tools can help find black holes. The special tools can see how stars that are very close to black holes act differently from other ones.
Black holes can be big or small. Scientists think the smallest black holes are as small as just one atom. These black holes are very tiny but have the mass of a large mountain. Mass is the amount of matter, or “staff”, in an object.
Another kind of black hole is called “stellar”(星球黑洞). Its mass can be up to 20 times more than the mass of the sun. There may be many stellar mass black holes in Earth’s galaxy. Earth’s galaxy is called the Milky Way.
The largest black holes are called “supermassive”(超大质量黑洞). These black holes have masses that are more than one million suns together. Scientists have found proof that every large galaxy contains a supermassive black hole at its center. The supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy has a mass equal to about four million suns and would fit inside a very large ball that could hold a few million Earths.
Scientists think the smallest black holes formed when the universe began. Stellar black holes are made when the center of a very big star falls in upon itself, or falls apart. When this happens, it exploded part of the star into space. Scientists think supermassive black holes were made at the same time as the galaxy they are in.
A black hole can not be seen because strong gravity pulls all of the light into the middle of the black hole. But scientists can see how the strong gravity affects the stars and gas around the black hole. Scientists can study stars to find out if they are flying around, or orbiting a black hole.
When a black hole and a star are close together, high-energy light is made. This kind of light cannot be seen with human eyes. Scientists use satellites and telescopes in space to see the high-energy light.
31. The gravity of a black hole may become so strong that light cannot get out when ____________.
A. the star is going to die B. special tools are used on it
C. other stars come close to it D. it is seen from the space telescopes
32. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. A black hole can be very tiny but extremely heavy.
B. The gravity of a black hole holds all light in its center.
C. Scientists observe high-energy light through their own eyes.
D. Some small black holes came into being as early as the universe.
33. The underlined word “galaxy” in Paragraph 5 means __________.
A. a black hole B. the Milky Way
C. a series of stars D. a planet near the earth
34. What does the last sentence in Paragraph 5 suggest?
A. Neither the sun nor the earth is as heavy as a black hole.
B. There is a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
C. The supermassive black hole had existed before the Milky Way was formed.
D. There is a reason why the large black holes are called “supermassive”.
35. The last two paragraph mainly focus on the question of _________.
A. what a black hole is B. how black holes form
C. how big black holes are D. how scientists know about black holes
The computer keyboard helped kill shorthand—a system of rapid handwriting, and now it’s threatening to finish off handwriting as a whole. When handwritten essays were introduced on the SAT exams for the class of 2012, just 15% of the most1.5 million students wrote their answers in cursive(草写字母). The rest? Block letters.
And those college hopefuls are just the first edge of a wave of US students who no longer get much handwriting instructions in the primary grades, frequently 10 minutes a day or less. As a result, more and more students struggle to read and write cursive.
At Keene Mill Elementary School in Springfield, all their poems and stories are typed. Children in Fairfax County schools are taught keyboarding beginning in kindergarten. Older students who never mastered handwriting say it doesn’t affect their grades.
There are those who say the culture is at a crossing, turning from the written word to the typed one. If handwriting becomes a lost form of communication, does it matter?
It was at University Virginia that researchers recently discovered a previously unknown poem by Robert, written in his unique script. Handwritten documents are more valuable to researchers, historians say, because their authenticity(真实性) can be confirmed. Students also find them more fascinating.
The loss of handwriting also may be a cognitive(认知的) opportunity missed. Several academic studies have found that good handwriting skills at a young age can help children express their thoughts better—a lifelong benefit.
It doesn’t take much to teach better handwriting skills. At some schools in Prince George’s County, elementary school students use a program called Handwriting Without Tears for 15 minutes a day. They learn the correct formation of manuscript letters through second grade, and cursive letters in third grade.
There are always going to be some kids who struggle with handwriting because of their particular neurological(神经系统的) writing, learning issues or poor motor skills. Educators often point to this factor in support of keyboarding.
36. What is the author concerned about after 2012 Sat exams?
A. Keyboarding. B. Shorthand. C. Handwriting. D. Block letters.
37. A poem by Robert mentioned in the passage is used to ____________.
A. prove how valuable handwriting is B. explain what a famous poet he is
C. show how unique his poem is D. stress how fascinating the documents are
38. The example of Handwriting Without Tears helps to argue that _____________.
A. the schools are responsible for the loss of handwriting
B. the loss of handwriting is a cognitive opportunity missed
C. it doesn’t take much to teach better handwriting skills
D. the culture is turning from the written word to the typed one
39. According to the author, when is a perfect time to learn handwriting?
A. Kindergarten. B. Primary school.
C. High school. D. College.
40. What is the author’s attitude towards this debate?
A. Devotion. B. Encouragement. C. Critical. D. Objective.
Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling, swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms—football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering.
Those who have a passion for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure.
Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods.
If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports, we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no “matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork.
The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.
A mountain climber continues to improve in skills year by year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.
41. What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage?
A. Soccer and golf. B. Skiing and skating.
C. Cycling and hockey. D. Mountaineering.
42. The underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______.
A. strong emotion B. good way
C. better feeling D. enough affection
43. Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because_______.
A. it has man-made rules
B. it is too dangerous for climbers
C. it can’t bring people joy or leisure
D. it is free for climbers to use their own methods
44. We know from the passage that _______.
A. mountaineering has no appeal for people
B. physical quality is more important than mental one for climbers
C. a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty
D. it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps
45. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Sports in winter B. Team work in climbing
C. Mountaineering D. The quality for mountaineering
Morphy Richards Coffee Maker
It has a programmable timer, so you can wake up to the smell coffee. The easy-clean filter(过滤器) and anti-drip device make it simple to maintain(保养).
B. Philips Juicers
It gives you all the juice thanks to its patented micro-mesh filter and powerful 700W motor. The extra-large feeding tube easily takes whole fruits and vegetables.
Panasonic Bread Makers
It is perfect for small living spaces. You’ll enjoy wonderful fresh bread at the time you choose. It has a digital 13-hour timer, which is great for cooking a loaf overnight ready for breakfast.
D. KDWTTB10 Compact Dishwasher
Stylishly designed in black, it is as good looking as it functions. It promises to leave your dishes sparklingly clean, again and again!
E. Russell Hobbs Regency Kettle
Its features: a rapid boil 3 KW concealed element for last boiling and easy cleaning; blue illumination when boiling; and double water gauges(测量仪) for ease of viewing when filling.
F. Hoover Optima 6 kg Washing Machine
It features a unique “teardrop” door design and is user-friendly, which makes laundry days a little easier. Additional features include a countdown digital display.
46. It is a great size for a small kitchen. I think its sleek black design is much more stylish than my old machine. You select the temperature setting your requirements and then shut the door and press the start button. It is very handy. It wipes clean easily as well. It also has an effective drying cycle so items are very dry. The anti flood device gives me much more security and the performance has been brilliant.
47. I think it’s amazing. It looks great. It also cleans great. It has more than enough settings for all your wash needs and is extremely quiet during all washing cycle, even on the 1600 spin. With 1600 rpm speed of spin, the clothes are almost dry when they come out! It leaves the contents spotlessly clean. The big door is very handy if you want to wash duvets(羽绒服). I do love this washing machine!
48. You get what you pay for and it’s not expensive. With an otherworldly light, it tells you how long the pot’s been sitting on the warmer. And after an hour, it shuts itself off. In my experience, the biggest problem is that there is no way you can make a full pot of coffee unless you like it incredibly weak.
49. I have not been disappointed with it. The flip-top lid makes it easy to fill. The large transparent “window” makes it easy to see how much you are putting in—so you can choose the number of cups. It looks great, boils quickly and holds plenty of water. The blue light up display when boiling is a fun feature. I think it’s a good kettle and definitely worthy money.
50. All I have to do is put the ingredients into its pan and select my type and the time when I want it finished. If you want to wake up to fresh loaf, you have to work out how many hours it will be between the time you switch it on and the time you want it to be ready. Meanwhile, the recipe that comes with it is very accurate and after three and a half hour you’ll have the most tasteful bread you ever tried.
节前： 打扫房子，帖春联(the Spring Festival Couplets), 买花;
Many students fail to perform well in an exam not because they lack ability, but because of the unique pressure of the exam room—the tense atmosphere, the ticking clock on the wall, the teacher walking around, and the thought that their future will be decided by the exam.
It’s not just students who will face pressure. Human beings are competitive animals and we decide to evaluate each other, whether in exams, in job interviews or even on romantic dates, so all of us occasionally get nervous. Removing pressure from life is an impossible dream.
However, there are some ways which can help reduce our pressure. It turns out that we are, far more likely to overcome the pressure when we are as familiar as possible with the situation we are about to face. Of course, even when we are well-prepared, we may still feel nervous, but at least we will be more equipped to deal with our nervousness than if we have failed to prepare. Furthermore, we may also benefit from reminding ourselves that the big moment is not that big after all from a different perspective. Even a huge exam is not as important as a loving family, or good health.
2. 然后以约120个词谈谈你对“压力”的看法， 内容包括：
I. 完型填空：1—5 ADDBC, 6—10 AACDA, 11—15 DCCAB11
语法填空：16. has become 17. left 18. others 19. running 20. without
21. that 22. If 23. shortage 24. to read 25. our
II. 阅读理解：26—30 ADDBD 31—35 ACCDD 36—40 CACBD 41—45 BADDC
信息匹配 46—50 DFAEC
The Spring Festival, which usually falls between the first and the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, is the most important traditional festival in China. Before it, people often clean their houses , put up the Spring Festival Couplets as well as buy many beautiful flowers. On New Year’s Eve, all the family members, no matter how far away they are, will get together to have a big dinner, of which the most popular food is dumpling, because people believe that eating dumplings can bring them good luck. On the first day of the Spring Festival, everyone wears new clothes, visiting their relatives and friends and greeting “Happy New Year” to each other, and what makes children delighted is that they are given lucky money as a gift. Besides, during the festival, people can watch dragon dances and lion dances, both of which are the traditional folk arts dating back to 2000 years ago.
The writer mainly tells us not only students but also other people would feel stressed on different occasions. Also, he gives some suggestions on how to reduce pressure.
As far as I ‘m concerned, pressure is part of life. It’s quite natural for us to feel stressed occasionally, at an exam, or when speaking to a stranger. So it’s of great importance to have a right attitude towards pressure. What we need to do is to relax ourselves and face the challenge positively and initiatively.
As Senior 3 students, we have to deal with some grown-up problems and make decisions by ourselves. Family can be one of the biggest causes of stress, such as problems with arguing with parents or brothers or sisters. We also have lots of stress from school, either from our classmates or teachers. However, the greatest pressure comes from study, which worries most of us as the National Matriculation Test is approaching. We also feel stressed about choosing our education after high school or not affording to go university.
In order to reduce pressure, first, a balanced diet and enough sleep are necessary; secondly, I would schedule my study properly so that I can have time to do sports or listen to music; also, friendship, support from my parents and encouragement from my teachers can help me a lot. I would try every means to relax myself and work with high efficiency to achieve my goal.